Check out the Mind Matters Series with other drugs and the body related videos and other teaching tools. Another important aspect of treating bath salts addiction is helping family members and friends of the addicted person refrain from encouraging addictive behaviors (codependency). Whether codependent loved ones provide financial support, excuses, or refrain from acknowledging the addictive behaviors of the addict, discouraging such codependency of friends and family is a key part of the recovery of the affected individual. Focusing on the bath salts-addicted person’s role in the family likely becomes even more urgent when that person is a child or teenager. People who may have less severe psychological symptoms of bath salts dependency may be able to be maintained in an outpatient treatment program. The rate of abuse of bath salts rapidly increased from 2010 to 2011.

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As opposed to any specific direct causes, there are a number of biological, psychological, and social factors, called risk factors, which can increase a person’s likelihood of developing a substance use disorder. The frequency that addictions to any drug, including bath salts, occur within some families seems to be higher than can be explained by the addictive environment of the family. Therefore, most substance-abuse professionals recognize a genetic aspect to the risk of this and other drug addictions. Mental health symptoms caused by bath salt use disorder include mood disorders like depression or anxiety. Social risk factors for bath salt use, as for any type of drug use disorder, include male gender, age 18 to 44 years old, unmarried marital status, and lower socioeconomic status and high levels of community violence.

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These chemicals are sprayed onto dried leaves to look like marijuana, or are sold as liquids. Some of the chemicals are similar to the ones found in the marijuana plant, but it is a very different drug. You cannot simply enact legislation to ban everything that gets people high. It took the DEA around 18 months to ban the compound and, until then, it was ketamine withdrawal symptoms and recovery sold throughout the US in garages and other places. This meant that a lot of people could get their hands on it, including those who were underage for alcohol and tobacco. If you’ve ever accidentally got a fizzy drink up your nose (we would mention one of the leading brands of cola products, but that could be confusing,) you’ll know how painful it is.

What are bath salts, and how do people abuse bath salts?

However, bath salts can also have serious adverse effects, including psychosis, violent behavior, and death. It can be difficult for a person to stop misusing certain substances, such as alcohol or illegal drugs. There are many different groups and institutions available that provide help and support to people experiencing substance misuse. Long-term abuse of bath salts may cause people to have hallucinations, hear voices, feel paranoid, and develop a psychosis that resembles schizophrenia.

How Can You Prevent Bath Salt Addiction?

The reason these drugs are commonly called bath salts is that they tend to be in the form of white or off-white powder or crystals. However, these substances are not at all the same as Epsom salts or the other bath salts in which people bathe. Many of the bath salt drugs include alpha-pyrrolidinopentiophenone (alpha-PVP), mephedrone, methylone, and methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV or MDPK) and are synthetic drugs called cathinones, which exist in plants commonly called khat plants. These drugs and are chemically similar to stimulant chemicals like cocaine or amphetamines. MDPV or MDPK also have chemical similarities to hallucinogens like Ecstasy, which is a street name for methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). Substances that cause the “high” (intoxication) often referred to as “bath salts” include methylone, mephedrone, and methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV or MDPK).

Users usually snort the drug up the nose, but it can also been injected, smoked, swallowed or used rectally. Toxic doses for the newer synthetic cathinones such as bath salts have not yet been determined9, and doses can be variable due to the illegal nature of the drug. There is a great risk for overdose because packages may contain up to 500 milligrams. They contain types of synthetic cathinones, which are banned in the U.S. The people who manufacture bath salts intentionally mislabel them in an attempt to avoid legal restrictions. They contain synthetic cathinones, which are lab-made stimulants.

Treatment for bath salt addiction while still under research, typically involves medication and therapy. Various treatment options are available for 58 best rehab centers in california 2023 free and private options substance use disorders like bath salt addiction. If you or someone you know experiences these effects, visit the emergency department immediately.

  1. It gained popularity because it was legal to purchase for about 18 months after it was first released.
  2. Bath salts can be ingested orally, snorted, smoked, plugged or injected.
  3. Bath salts contain different types of synthetic cathinones.
  4. The information contained on this website is not intended to be a substitute for, or to be relied upon as, medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.

If ingested orally, absorption is rapid with a peak “rush” at 1.5 hours, the effect lasting 3 to 4 hours, then a hard “crash”. The total experience may last upwards of 8 hours or longer.1 Snorting and injecting the drug can be especially hazardous.

Should bath salts wane in popularity, authorities say they have no doubt new psychoactive designer drugs will take their place. “Whatever supplants bath salts will likely be just as dangerous,” says Goldberger. Clinicians can help prevent the lethal consequences of the next generation of illicit drugs by reporting any cases of drug toxicity to poison centers, advises Ryan.

If you think a friend or family member has a problem with drugs, talk to an adult you trust — like a parent, coach, or teacher — right away. Remember, treatment is available and people can get better. Bath salts are stimulants that can cause extreme energy, alertness, and attention. They can also alter your perceptions and cause you to act strangely or even violently. They are chemically similar to drugs like amphetamines and cocaine. K2 and Spice are chemicals that can alter your mind and make you see, feel, or hear things that aren’t there.

It also often involves using medications to alleviate medical symptoms of intoxication like nausea, insomnia and lack of appetite, as well as emotional symptoms like agitation. Because bath salts are so potent, high doses of sedatives may be necessary to prevent users from harming themselves and does ketamine cause cardiac arrest others. “MDPV produces psychoactive effects with as little as 3 to 5 mg, but packages of bath salts promote alarmingly high doses of 50 mg and above,” says Goldberger. Read on to learn more about bath salts, how they affect a person’s body and mind, and where to get support for substance misuse.

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